[Return to summarize post-Exploit]


  • disciplinary society: the Foucauldian formation characterized by “the organization of vast spaces of enclosure” with the project: “to concentrate; to distribute in space; to order in time; to compose a productive force within the dimension of space-time whose effect will be greater than the sum of its component parts” (3).


  • We are moving from Foucault’s disciplinary societies in the 18th and 19th centuries toward a society of control; the disciplinary society succeeded the society of sovereignty (3).
  • “We are in a generalized crisis in relation to all the environments of enclosure” (think crisis, think Chun) in the movement to a society of control; liberation cloaks more control: “For example, in the crisis of the hospital as environment of enclosure, neighborhood clinics, hospices, and day care could at first express new freedom, but they could participate as well in mechanisms of control that are equal to the harshest of confinements” (4).
  • ”. . . the different control mechanisms are inseparable variations, forming a system of variable geometry the language of which is numerical (which doesn’t necessarily mean binary). Enclosures are molds, distinct castings, but controls are a modulation, like a self-deforming cast that will continuously change from one moment to the other . . .” (4).
  • Control extends the temporality of discipline into an unfinished eternity: “The apparent acquittal of the disciplinary societies (between two incarcerations); and the limitless postponements of the societies of control (in continuous variation) are two very different modes of juridical life . . .” (5).
  • The computer is the machine of the society of control, “whose passive danger is jamming and whose active one is piracy and the introduction of viruses” (6).
  • “This is no longer a capitalism for production but for the product, which is to say, for being sold or marketed” (6); compare to Wark’s contention that we no longer live in capitalism, but in something worse. “The conquests of the market are made by grapping control and no longer by disciplinary training. . . . Corruption thereby gains a new power. . . . Man is no longer man enclosed, but man in debt” (6).

Archive and Impact

  • This is a late-period Deleuze essay that is foundational for much thinking in control and digital networking. It informs much of The Exploit and has popped up in most things I’ve read in this section thus far.